Why is community dead: In which I blame colleges.



By any objective analysis, life in modern America is pretty darn good. You probably didn’t die in childbirth and neither did half of your children. You haven’t died of smallpox or polio. You probably haven’t lived through a famine or war. Cookies and meat are cheap, houses are big, most of us do rather little physical labor, and we can carry the collected works of Shakespeare, Tolstoy, and Wikipedians in our pockets. We have novacaine for tooth surgery. If you avoid drugs and don’t eat too much, there’s a very good chance you’ll survive into your eighties.

Yet anxiety is skyrocketing.  Something about modern life doesn’t seem to agree with people.

In the past, people grew up in small towns or rural areas near small towns, knew most of the people in their neighborhoods, went to school, got jobs, and got married. They moved if they needed more land or…

View original post 774 more words

The very curious Jefferson County Public Schools endorsement of a West End methane plant


Did Jefferson County Public Schools really issue an endorsement for an privately-owned methane plant/anaerobic digester?

Maybe not.

Maybe a JCPS buffoon made an executive decision to roll out a press release on Saturday morning, in time to appear in Sunday’s Courier-Journal, to inflict some damage to Louisville Metro Councilwoman Mary Woolridge’s Sunday afternoon protest.  It sounds like a sneaky little effort to pit children and their parents against something bigger than a methane plant, to scare them off, to keep them from speaking out to support their community and neighbors.  Now, the protesters had to face down a proposed methane plant that had a powerful supporter, Jefferson County Public Schools.

Too bad JCPS can’t align itself with a more noble cause.

JCPS needs to get its own house in order before stepping into a battle between an urban neighborhood resisting another industrial polluter and a group of investors hoping to profit from dysfunctional fawning over recycling and green energy.  By the way, Louisville already has anaerobic digesters.  Paid for by taxpayers to the tune of $60 million.  Four of them and they generate tons of methane for dryers that create dried biosolids.  If you live in the West End, you know what I’m talking about and you’re assaulted by the stench a lot.  You’ve been dealing with biodigesters long enough. 

West End families do not want this methane plant in their neighborhood but Heaven Hill Distillery, Jefferson County Public Schools and Mayor Fischer support the idea.

What’s really going on?

If you clicked on this courier-journal.com URL on Sunday, September 20th…

methane8… you saw this headline:

methane3 (screenshot taken 9/20/2015 at 9:24 p.m.)

Monday, September 21st, at 12:15 p.m. the same URL linked to this story:


Below are portions of the original story that appeared on Sunday.  Note the support from Louisville Mayor Greg Fischer and Heaven Hill Distillery.




There are some interesting Facebook comments about this story:


Mr. Steven Estes had this to say:

“Looking forward to continuing the education process with those that want to learn about the facts and benefits of these great projects.”

Know who that guy is?  He’s the CEO of the company that is supposed to build the methane plant.


That company is called Nature’s Methane and it’s been in the news because three contractors have sued for non-payment on a very similar project in St. Louis.  Notice how the media sanitizes the language associated with this story by never using the words “industrial polluter”, “pollution” or even “methane plant.”  They’ll just say “biofuel” or “anaerobic digester.”  Supporters of this project are quick to point out that methane is an odorless gas.  Yes, that’s true.  But METHANE PRODUCTION is NOT ODORLESS.

Dairy farms all over America are using anaerobic biodigesters full of cow manure.  Guess what?  They really stink.  Know what else smells bad?  Distillery waste.  Anaerobic digestion of distillery waste, or any organic waste for that matter, has an unpleasant odor and, if not managed correctly, can result in a VERY PUTRID stench.

Methane is odorless, they’ll tell you.  Yeah, well, so is nuclear energy.

The residents of Lowell, Michigan, were also told that their anaerobic biodigester would be odorless.  Well, it isn’t.  Their biodigester has been (kind of) running since April 2015.  Read about the foul odors, the danger to workers and what a complete waste of money the project was here in a story called “Update on the Lowell Michigan biodigester.”  The headline below is how the project was pitched to Lowell residents.



This from a May 18, 2015 story in Business First, “West Louisville Food Port’s biofuel company in trouble over similar St. Louis project”:


There’s more to this story than legal tangles with mechanics liens and alleged non-payment to contractors.  There’s also a charge of fraud against Steven Estes which is spelled out in the same article…

The suit was filed against several parties involved in the FarmWorks project. In the lawsuit, Percheron argues that the mechanics liens render the property valueless. In addition to more than $50,000 in relief for damages, Percheron asked in the suit that the court deem the liens invalid and rule that only Percheron owns interest in the property.

The company also alleged in the lawsuit that Steve Estes, owner of Star Distributed Energy and its subsidiaries, committed fraud by authorizing GEI Consultants to begin work on the FarmWorks property even though he did not have the authority to do so. Percheron backs GEI Consultants’ claim that Nature’s Methane owes the engineering firm more than $700,000.

Estes and his companies have denied all the allegations against them, according to court records. Estes told the St. Louis Post-Dispatch that the lawsuit is “frivolous” and that the liens resulted from FarmWorks’ financial problems “that blew up around me.” Estes could not be reached for comment.

If that St. Louis story is true, a lot of people took a bath on that methane plant project yet we have Mayor Fischer, JCPS and The Courier-Journal tag-teaming publicity for this project instead of asking simple questions like, “Why didn’t those contractors get paid?”  Or this: “What really happened when the St. Louis food hub project crapped out?”

This is from a June 19, 2015 article in , Business First, “Metro councilwoman: We won’t let biofuel plant build in west Louisville”.  Interesting.

methanebuildThis is from a December 11, 2014 article in the Courier-Journal by Jere Downs, “State’s first methane power plant gets tax aid.”
Estimated cost of methane plant: $27.3 million.

methanestategrantThe Business First article from May, 2015 stated that the cost of the methane plant was $27.4 million, a $100,000 increase from December 2014.  A September 21, 2015 article in the Courier-Journal has the cost at $40 million, a 50% jump in cost since May.  Mistake or shakedown?  The costs keep escalating and construction hasn’t even started.  What’s going on here?

methanecost1Maybe it’s just another reporting error.  Like JCPS appearing in this story as JCSP.


Let’s look at the JCPS press release issued from Guthrie/Mayes Public Relations:

From: Bonnie Hackbarth [mailto:Bonnie@guthriemayes.com] 
Sent: Saturday, September 19, 2015 11:06 AM
To: ——————————–
Subject: JCPS Statement re: Proposed Biodigester
Statement of JCPS regarding a proposed biodigester in Louisville:

“The safety of our students, faculty and staff is JCPS’ top priority. We maintain close relationships with safety teams at various facilities throughout our district footprint.

“JCPS safety and environmental officials have met with representatives of the Mayor’s office and with experts to receive full briefings regarding the proposed biodigester project. JCPS safety experts are familiar with biodigesters, and see them as one of many projects that can help make our city more green and sustainable while also creating energy to help power homes and businesses.

“We believe that the biodigester project in the California neighborhood can be good for our city and for JCPS, and that, if designed and maintained properly with all of the required safety features, does not risk the health of our students or the community.”

Bonnie Hackbarth


Fun facts about the lady who cranked out that press release:
There’s more…
The location for the proposed methane plant is in the California neighborhood at 17th and Maple, a few blocks from Roosevelt-Perry Elementary School.  The JCPS board member that represents Roosevelt-Perry is Mrs. Diane Porter.  According to Mrs. Porter’s comment in the revised Courier-Journal story, nobody at JCPS asked for her opinion about its methane plant endorsement.  Mrs. Porter seems to be just fine with the children in her district paying the heaviest price to maintain JCPS’s forced busing scheme so I’m going to take a wild guess and say she’s going to stay out of this battle or maybe even support the methane plant.
methaneperryFrom the Courier-Journal’s updated story:
Board vice chairwoman Diane Porter said Monday she also did not know about the endorsement and planned to talk to Superintendent Donna Hargens Monday afternoon to get additional information. Her district includes the California neighborhood where the plant would be located. She said she has been following the issue and has not taken a position on the plant, which would that would [sic] recycle distillery waste into energy.
Mrs. Porter typically goes along to get along so don’t hold your breath if you expect her to show up at a protest.  Nonetheless, JCPS should have given Mrs. Porter the very basic courtesy of a heads-up.
The average income of California residents is about $18,513 and 46.9 percent of residents live below the poverty level.  What was JCPS doing about that on Saturday morning?  Nothing, that’s what.  Yet, someone at JCPS told a $190/hour public relations lady to promote a privately-owned $40 million methane plant.  It’s a very odd situation and warrants some digging.
 Mayor Fischer supports this idea.

 Heaven Hill supports this idea.










Screenshot from the C-J article:
methanefischerPublic information from Kentucky Registry of Election Finance:
I know what you’re thinking.  You’re thinking, “But Seed Capital Kentucky is the original methane plant hustler.”
And you’re absolutely right.












Public information the Kentucky Secretary of State website:
Seed Capital Kentucky Director Mrs. Augusta Brown Holland, heiress to the Brown-Forman fortune, is married to Mr. John Gill Holland, Jr., whose development projects in NuLu and Portland have received millions of your tax dollars…
Seed Capital Kentucky director Stephen Reily is married to Emily Bingham:


This methane plant isn’t about recycling.  This isn’t about keeping waste out of the local landfill.  This isn’t about green energy or green initiatives.  The only thing about this project that’s green is the cash that’s swirling around campaign contributions, tax incentives and projected revenue streams.

Now, pay attention.

For many years MSD’s Morris Forman Wastewater Treatment Plant has been operating four enormous anaerobic biodigesters that can process over one million gallons of wastewater a day.  They generate tons of methane (literally) and reduce MSD’s fuel costs. (That saves MSD money which saves money for you and me.) The methane is used to run huge dryers that dry biosolids which are like super-nutrient-rich fertilizer. Some municipal treatment plants sell dried biosolids – I’m not sure if MSD does that – but even the dried waste has value.

Finally, this: polluters like Heaven Hill pay enormous industrial polluter fees for wastewater treatment by MSD.

This proposed privately-owned methane plant can be summed up with one sentence: A bunch of well-connected people want to privatize a function that’s being performed by a public utility, Metropolitan Sewer District.

And if you think that’s a reach, just take a look at a current director of Seed Capital Kentucky.  His name is John-Mark Hack and, according to the information provided by the Kentucky Registry of Election Finance, he’s the director of governmental affairs at Kentucky American Water.  That’s the largest privatized water utility in the state.  Kentucky American Water provides water and wastewater services so it’s probably no accident that Seed Capital Kentucky has him on board while trying to hijack an MSD process that generates revenue through industrial fees and valuable methane production.

methanejerks4 We know about the other Seed Capital Kentucky directors.  Want to learn more about Mr. Hack?  Just click on the screenshot to read a Lexington-Herald story about Mr. Hack allegedly misleading voters when he ran for state office.


If this methane plant gets built, it will be the second revenue stream that Mayor Fischer has supported for his check-writing friends at Seed Capital Kentucky.  Did you miss that story?  Kentucky taxpayers are on the hook for that one, too.  I’ll tell you all of the details about that, too.

For now, take a look at the Courier-Journal reporter’s tweets from last night’s community meeting with Nature’s Methane CEO Steven Estes.  No need to get meaningful quotes from concerned California citizens.  Just reduce them to the status of hecklers at a low-rent comedy club while Estes is painted as a kindly gentleman who is just trying to work with the community.  (By the way, “Morris Brown” should have been “Morris-Forman”, MSD’s treatment plant on Algonquin Parkway.)


  To be continued…


Is Humana Louisville’s crummiest corporate citizen?


In 2014 the Humana Building, the most famous building in Louisville’s skyline, was assessed at less than one percent of its value: just $428,570.  How much property tax revenue did the Humana Building generate for our public schools last year?  Less than $5900.



The Humana Building’s neighbor is National City Tower, a skyscraper that’s nothing special in architectural terms, which sold for $115 million five years ago.  The Humana Building is worth more than that.  A lot more.  If the PVA applied a large discount and assessed the building’s value at just $100 million, Humana’s tax bill would be $1.4 million.  A smaller discount and a $120 million assessment would have generated $1.6 million in tax revenue.  Instead, a mind-boggling, 99-percent discount on a $120 million property means the Humana Building’s 2014 tax bill won’t even cover the cost of a ten-year-old Toyota Corolla.


From the Jefferson County Sheriff’s Office website:

evhumanasheriffNational City Tower at 101 South Fifth Street, across the street from the Humana Building, was assessed at $92.6 million after a 20% discount on the $115 million 2010 purchase price.  It generated almost $1.3 million in tax revenue or 220 times Humana’s tax bill.  The tower was sold in February 2015 for over $127 million and should generate about $1.74 million in revenue this year if the PVA doesn’t discount its assessment.  Again.


Here is the assessment history for the Humana Building since 2006.  Look at that assessment for 2006: $317,310.


In 2008 a simple commercial computer reassessment saved Humana a bundle.  With a few keystrokes, millions in property tax revenue vanished into thin air for three years – 2008, 2009, and 2010.   The Jefferson County Board of Education raised property taxes in 2008, 2009 and 2010.  Quite a coincidence.

evhumana2008WDRB summed up the increases in this painful graphic:


Time for reassessments in 2011 and the “Taxpayer’s Opinion of Value” was $540,590: evhumana2011The local PVA board agreed with the “taxpayer” and approved another 3-year discount for 2011, 2012 and 2013.  And the Jefferson County Board of Education raised property taxes in 2011, 2012 and 2013.

Fun facts: Humana’s profits in were $1.23 billion in 2013 and $1.22 billion in 2012.

evhumana2011rulingIn 2013 David Jones, Jr., Humana board member, Humana “significant stockholder”, former Humana CEO, son of Humana founder, and illegal member of the Jefferson County Board of  Education revived a property tax rate increase that the board voted down.  He proposed a property tax increase at a lower rate which passed 4-3 and he has repeatedly stated in the media that he was the swing vote.  It was the sixth increase inflicted on homeowners in as many years.

A few weeks after the tax rate increase was approved Jones exercised 2,500 stock options and promptly unloaded them.  He made more in one day (about $175,000) than most Louisvillians make in a year or two or five years which probably contributes to his pathological indifference to the tax-related complaints of poor and middle-class homeowners and supports his belief that (a) property tax increases aren’t really a big deal and (b) property tax increases aren’t really a big deal.


November’s sell-off was worth $1,045,000.


On August 30th, Jones had this to say on his education blog:

When the Jefferson County Board of Education voted on August 12 to increase local property taxes by 1.4% to fund operation of our public schools, we asked JCPS to work with less than its requested 3.1% increase. Mine was one of four votes against the Superintendent’s initial request, but I then proposed and became the swing vote in favor of the lesser increase. I know that raising taxes is rarely popular, so I think it’s important to explain my rationale.

He justified the increase by blaming rural Kentucky counties that are mooching off Jefferson County’s wealth through redistribution of tax dollars.  He griped about other gripes but the complaint about moochers was particularly galling since so much of Humana’s revenue depends on taxpayer-funded social programs like Medicare, Medicaid and TRICARE.  My interpretation: Redistribution of wealth schemes fueling Humana’s annual $1.1 billion profit and Jones’s million-dollar stock sales are good; redistribution of wealth schemes for educating poor, rural schoolchildren are bad.

Here is an excerpt from Jones’s post titled Taxes and School Funding: What’s Really Going On – the bold is mine:

“Hard realities” of education finance
In preparing to vote on the local tax rate, these beliefs ran into some hard realities of education finance – and I’ve learned a lot. Realities include millions in recent state and federal cuts to JCPS funding, and the structure of Kentucky education finance, which depends in large part on redistributing taxes from wealthy counties like Jefferson and Fayette to our smaller neighbors. (State and federal funding has provided about one-third of recent JCPS budgets, versus up to 80% for smaller counties.) While shifts in outside funding are beyond Louisville’s control, they influence the funding we must raise locally.

Also in his blog, Jones implores legislators to stop using Jefferson County taxes to fund rural schools:

We need to push the Jefferson County delegation in Frankfort to prevent legislators from draining Louisville’s coffers through state cuts that force us to fund rural areas. 

Many rural schools outperform Louisville’s schools which means the return on academic investment is better in coal country than in the big city.  Well done, rural  schoolchildren.   Enjoy it while you can, kids, because there’s room for only one property tax deadbeat in this state and that’s Humana.

On January 1, 2014, just five months after Jones raised our taxes and bloviated on his blog about Jefferson County’s property tax problem, a PVA-approved 21% assessment discount on the Humana Building went into effect in addition to the long-standing 99% assessment discount.  The Humana Building’s property value decreased from $540,590 to $428, 570.


Humana received a 21% property assessment discount last year while Jefferson County property owners were hit with a 21% property tax increase over the past ten years.

Humana received a 21% property assessment discount last year while each of its directors received a 24% raise in annual cash compensation from $85,000 to $105,000.

Humana received a 21% property assessment discount last year while its directors received an 11% increase of common stock compensation from $140,000 to %155,000 per year. (View Humana’s SEC details here.)

Kentucky’s corporate tax rate is 6%.  Humana’s profits last year were $1.1 billion which could have generated $66 million in corporate taxes for Kentucky.  And $72 million in 2013.  And $72 million in 2012.  But it was not to be.


According to the Kentucky tax code, insurance companies receive a break on Kentucky’s 6% corporate tax which amounts to government-endorsed economic larceny on this very, very poor state.


Page 5 of the 2014 Kentucky Corporation Income Tax Return says this:


Looks like a pretty good deal, right?  Wrong.  That isn’t good enough for Humana because it’s incorporated in Delaware.  So are General Electric, Ford, Yum! Brands and Kindred.  Three of those companies have headquarters right here in Louisville.  None of them are incorporated in Kentucky.  Shame on all of them.

In these troubled economic times, when many states are desperate for tax dollars, Delaware stands out in sharp relief. The First State, land of DuPont, broiler chickens and, as it happens, Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr., increasingly resembles a freewheeling offshore haven, right on America’s shores. Officials in other states complain that Delaware’s cozy corporate setup robs their states of billions of tax dollars. Officials in the Cayman Islands, a favorite Caribbean haunt of secretive hedge funds, say Delaware is today playing faster and looser than the offshore jurisdictions that raise hackles in Washington. – How Delaware Thrives as a Corporate Tax Haven”, New York Times, June 30, 2012

Here’s Humana’s 8-K filing from June 8, when they went public about a quiet period after exploring a possible sale in May:


Humana as a Delaware corporation is nothing new.  It’s been incorporated in Delaware for a very long time.


Profits are more important than property taxes.  Profits are more important than public schools.  Profits are more important than people.  Is Humana Louisville’s crummiest corporate citizen?  Sure, it is.




Whoever picked the name “Humana” for the health insurance giant had a great sense of humor. The word suggests a company engaged in humanitarian pursuits, or at least one with a priority on human beings. Had the marketing genius in charge of picking a name for the corporation been more honest, he would have called it “Profita,” in recognition of its main concern.

Indeed, Humana isn’t shy about revealing its profits-over-people philosophy.

“It is important to note if we have to choose between achieving our membership goals and achieving profitability goals, profits will win every time,” CEO Michael McCallister said in 2003. – Humana: Profits Over People,” Peter Dreier, E.P Clapp Distinguished Professor of Politics, Occidental College


Coincidence or corruption? Mayor Greg Fischer, the PVA and Louisville’s disappearing tax dollars


How do you make $150,000 of highly desirable Cherokee Triangle property vanish into thin air?  If you’re Tony Lindauer, you inflict a bureaucratic sleight of hand to three parcels of property just months after settling into your new job as the Jefferson County Property Valuation Administrator and you wait very p-a-t-i-e-n-t-l-y.

(If you don’t like math, skip ahead to the screenshot from the Kentucky Registry of Election Finance.)

Mr. Lindauer purchased three pieces of property on Everett Avenue in 2001.  He was elected as PVA in 2006 after being bankrolled by Louisville Democrats.  He took office in January 2007 overseeing an organization “that is responsible for applying a fair and equitable assessment to over 260,000 residential properties in Jefferson County as of January 1st of each year”.  In April 2007, Mr. Lindauer consolidated 1070, 1072 and 1074 Everett Avenue into a single address: 1072 Everett, one house on a spacious Cherokee Triangle lot.

It’s 2015.  The PVA has assessed a flat-rate land value of $75,000 for almost every lot (not including dwelling) on Mr. Lindauer’s street.  Exceptions are for properties that have been purchased in the past two years which is standard policy according to the PVA’s website. Lot valuations have soared to $1,000,000+ per acre for several of Mr. Lindauer’s neighbors while his hovers around $200,000 per acre.  Seems unfair at first glance but a little thing called “mass appraisals” are supposed to even things out.  Mass appraisals are used nationwide.  Mass appraisals are fair.  Mass appraisals are extremely accurate.  The math behind mass appraisals will generate a fair assessment of that big chunk of land in an urban neighborhood of tiny lots.

Let’s see about that.

In 2007, 1072 Everett was assessed at $234,050 without the two additional lots.  Lots were valued at $30K.


In 2015, Everett Avenue lots are assessed at $75,000 each.  Refer to the diagram below which represents Mr. Lindauer’s consolidated properties.  If you mathematically peel off the value of the two lots, 1072 Everett as a stand-alone property is valued at $229,920.

1072 Everett is worth less today than it was 8 years ago.







There’s a second way to look at this – this time using multiplication.

If the 2007 value of 1072 Everett as a stand-alone property increased by 60-80%, just like other recently assessed Highlands and Germantown properties,  the 2015 property value would be approximately $398,000.  (Let’s use an average of 60% and 80% which is 70%.  A seventy percent increase is expressed as: $234,050 x 1.70 = $397,885)

$397,885 is more than the 2015 value of the three consolidated lots which, AGAIN, shows that the $150,000 value of two lots has disappeared.

The property tax liability has also disappeared.  That’s approximately $1500 in annual property taxes that won’t end up with the biggest recipient of property tax revenue, Jefferson County Public Schools which was the employer of Mr. Lindauer’s wife before and after his election as Jefferson County PVA.  JCPS was also the full-time employer of another Lindauer family member that does not need to be mentioned by name here.  You can look her up on KREF.

Here are screenshots from the Kentucky Registry of Election Finance website:


Also from the KREF website:



Enough about Everett Avenue.  You know what’s going on here.

This is the Jefferson County Property Valuation Administrator’s property at 1147 E. Kentucky St.  It’s defined as commercial property.



Here we go again.

1147 E. Kentucky is one of the largest lots in the neighborhood, shaded in blue.  Surrounding properties are designated with red borders.


According to the deed, this property is described as 1147-1149 E. Kentucky Street which is two buildings on one big lot.


Nearby residential properties have been recently assessed with very, very steep increases in property values.  Not so for Mr. Lindauer’s property.  It’s May 2015 and his property’s value remains at the 2007 value from an assessment made over 8 years ago: $130,690.

PVA field inspectors are authorized by statute to inspect real property in Jefferson County (KRS 132.450 (1)).  The PVA is required by statute to inspect property at least once every 4 years (KRS 132.690 (1)). – Jefferson County PVA website, https://jeffersonpva.ky.gov/property-assessment/commercial-property/

How did the Jefferson County Property Valuation Administrator’s property slip under the Jefferson County Property Valuation Administrator’s radar?   Do tell.

Since 2001, the assessed value has increased by 21%.  That works out to 1.5% per year for 14 years.

Directly next door to Mr. Lindauer, 1145 E. Kentucky have been assessed at $141,620 which is a $59,370 increase or 72% since assessments in 2011 and 2006.  Since 2001, the property has increased by $72,540 which is 105% and exactly five times the percentage increase of Lindauer’s property.

FYI: According to KREF, neither of the property owners contributed to Mayor Fischer’s mayoral campaigns.



Directly across the street from Mr. Lindauer’s property is 1146 E. Kentucky which includes one of the biggest lots in the neighborhood.  Assessed on 01/01/2015 at $236,410, that’s an 81% increase since 2001 or about 4 times the percentage increase of Mr. Lindauer’s property.

More FYI: According to KREF, neither member of the Alexander family contributed to Mayor Fischer’s mayoral campaigns.



Lindauer owns two buildings on a double-lot valued at just $130,690.  $65K per property.  One of the cheapest properties on the block with the lowest percentage increases.  Sound familiar?

There’s more.

Mr. Lindauer’s property, 1149 East Kentucky, was used as the address for his company T & J Restoration, Remodel and Design, Inc.  T is for Tony, J is for James.  James C. Phillips, that is.

This is from the Kentucky Secretary of State:


Here is Mr. James C. Phillips’s house near Seneca Park:



This property qualifies for a $36,000 homestead exemption which translates into a $360+ annual property tax savings.  No problem there, standard PVA policy.  Mr. Phillips also received a Decrease by Computer Reassessment of $13,130 that will result in an additional annual property tax discount of more than $100.  The lot value increased to $80,000, just like neighboring lots, but the home’s value declined by $49,130 even though $127,980 improvements had been made just two years prior.

Why?  What happened?  Did a big chunk of the house go up in flames?  Did the garage collapse? Anything is possible.

A half-acre lot.  Adjacent to Seneca Park.  $127,980 in improvements.  According to Zillow, the property’s 2013 listing included these descriptions:  Superior location near Seneca Park walking track, tennis courts and playground. Close to schools and shops. This house has it all.”  Despite being a pretty house in an expensive neighborhood with location, location, location goodies, 702 Circle Hill Road has inexplicably declined in value.

703 Circle Hill increased in value from 2012 to 2015.  So, did 704 Circle Hill Road.  705 Circle Hill increased 49% from $175,200 (2012) to $260,430 (2015) in value with no sales and no improvements.  706 Circle Hill increased in value, too.  Mr. Phillips’s neighbors will pay higher property taxes while the former business partner of the Jefferson County PVA will pay less in 2015 than he did in 2013 despite $127,980 in improvements.



Mr. Lindauer and Mr. Phillips aren’t the only ones with very interesting property valuations.  Let’s take a look at Mayor Greg Fischer’s neighbor who received an assessment decrease just like Mayor Fischer even though surrounding properties were recently assessed 30 to 60 percent higher.

If you read the first post, you will recognize some of the following information.  Just skip ahead a few paragraphs.

1711 Spring Drive is located next to 1715 Spring Drive, Mayor Fischer’s home, and was assessed $34,710 lower in 2015 than on July 2003.  Today it’s worth $710,290.  Twelve years ago, it was worth $745,000.  Mr. Ridley will save over $300 a year on property taxes.  $300 isn’t much to the owner of such a fine piece of property but it is a small fortune to many Jefferson County taxpayers — which is why this is worth discussing.


KREF has this information about Mr. Ridley’s donations to his neighbor – $1000 is the maximum individual campaign contribution per election:


Here is the assessment information for Mr. Ridley’s home which has lost 4.7% in value in 12 years.  Decrease by Computer Reassessment.


Public records for the court case below shows two exes, Mr. Ridley and Ms. Sullivan, who was once on the 1711 Spring Drive deed, slugging it out over $250,000.  Public court records are embarrassing and divorces can get ugly but let’s be honest here.  A power couple like this doesn’t live in a place that declines in value. They live in a million-dollar house that steadily increases in value just like the rest of the nearby, spectacular properties on Spring Drive, Cherokee Parkway and Cherokee Terrace.






That is Kathy Sullivan, the artist, whose oil paintings are displayed at Churchill Downs, Humana and Brown-Forman, whose work appeared on Woodford Reserve bottles in 2006, who is the sister of Jenny Sullivan Sanford who was a vice president of mergers and acquisitions at Lazard Frères & Co., who is the former sister-in-law of South Carolina governor Mark Sanford, who is an heiress to a Skil power tools fortune, who lives in Charleston and frequently visits the nearby island that bears her family’s name, Sullivan’s Island – and you better not monkey around with her fortune and get into a legal tangle with this woman because you’re going to get severely paddled.  And rightfully so.

And this is from an April 4, 2007, press release from Governor Ernie Fletcher’s office:

Governor Ernie Fletcher today announced the appointments of citizen members to the Blue Ribbon Commission on Public Employees Retirement Systems.  These appointments complete the membership of the commission, which was created by Executive Order in February 2007.  Gov. Fletcher has directed the commission to evaluate all aspects of the Kentucky Retirement Systems (KRS), which includes state employees, state police and county employees, and the Kentucky Teachers’ Retirement System (KTRS). 

The 24-member commission will study methods to address the current unfunded liabilities accrued by these individual retirement plans, including pension and health insurance benefits. Over the coming months, the commission will develop a plan to fulfill its retirement obligations to current retirees and employees while examining the appropriate level of benefits for future employees. The plan must be presented to the governor no later than Dec. 1, 2007.



Governor Fletcher has also named eight citizen members to the commission with expertise in investments, fiduciary matters and business administration, including David Jones of Louisville, founder and former chairman of Humana, Inc. and John Hall of Lexington, former CEO of Ashland, Inc. Other citizen members are: David Dowell, Lexington, Russell Capital Management; Andrew Jacobs, Lexington, Stites & Harbison; Todd Lowe, Simpsonville, Parthenon LLC; James Parsons, Newport, Taft, Stettinius & Hollister; Shawn Ridley, Louisville, Atlas Brown; and Deborah Holland Tudor, Lexington, Frost, Brown Todd. The commission will be supported by independent experts and outside consultants.

Perhaps, that gives you a tiny glimpse of the social orbit of property owners like Mr. Ridley who will pay lower property taxes this year.

But wait.  There’s more.

According to the Kentucky Secretary of State’s files, Mr. Ridley and Mayor Fischer were business partners at Iceberg Ventures VIVAO, a vulture capital firm.


Let’s see if anyone else at Iceberg Ventures ™ received a Decrease by Computer Reassessment.  According to Iceberg Venture’s ™ website, Mr. Williams is Mayor Fischer’s co-founder.


Here is Mr. Williams’s $650,830 home on Avish Lane in Harrods Creek:


And here is the assessment information for Mr. Williams’ property.  Decrease by Computer Reassessment.  That’s a $52,300 discount which translates into about $500 of disappearing annual property tax revenue

everett50And this.


The screenshot from KREF shows Mr. Williams was employed by Dant Clayton, yet another business venture with Greg Fischer.

There was a lot of action at Dant Clayton in 2011.  A seventeen-page unsigned merger document on the Kentucky Secretary of State’s website shows that Dant Clayton/Bruce Merrick paid $2,072,907.00 to Mayor Fischer through $25,000/month payments.  Mayor Fischer’s present or past or whatever business colleague, Mr. Williams, also appears on the paperwork because he was the president of the company.


The merger happened about two months before the Kentucky Economic Development Finance Committee granted $1.19 million in tax incentives.  Mayor Fischer “recused” himself from the company before that bundle of tax dollars was handed over.

Click on the screenshot to read the story.


That’s a lot of corporate welfare for a company that had revenues of $40 million in 2010.  They were approved to receive even more in 2012 and 2014.

There was a lot of financial activity at Dant Clayton in 2011, right up until the last day of the year, which returns our discussion to property taxes and assessments.

On December 31,2011, Dant Clayton sold 1500 Bernheim Lane for $2,538,000 to Mr. Merrick who had purchased the property from Dant Clayton in 1995 for $500,000.  It’s dizzying, really, to keep up with this merry-go-round of loans and sales and payment plans and legal documents and lower assessments.  The information/screenshots are below for this company that had financial ties to Mayor Fischer, which employed his former colleague from Iceberg Ventures and bCatalyst, which sits on a piece of property with an assessment that falls about $1,500,000 short of the sale price.  Yes, that’s right: ONE POINT FIVE MILLION DOLLARS.

The property is worth less today than 15 years ago.

That’s $15,000 in annual property tax revenue that disappeared.

Here, Dant sells to Merrick in 2011….


Merrick sold to Dant in the 90s…





Here are the 2014 property tax payments that the Jefferson County Sheriff’s office collected from Mr. Merrick’s Dant Clayton properties.  The taxable assessment totals $942,910, far short of the $2.5 million sale price.  The PVA website says sale prices are the assessed value for two years.

Just not this time.



Maybe there was another tax incentive at work to discount the property taxes for a multi-million dollar business.  A feature story on U.S. Builders Review’s website explains that Dant-Clayton’s marketing strategy is to pursue contracts with elementary, secondary and post-secondary schools.  That’s education dollars, taxpayer money, property tax revenue.  There’s the $523,000 school stadium project that the Oak Ridge City Council and Board of Education couldn’t figure out how to finance.  Or the bleachers replacement project at public school Ledyard High in Connecticut.

Minutes from the Ledyard Board of Education July 19, 2011 meeting:


This is a company that profits from schools and property tax revenue yet avoids the tax liability on $1.5 million worth of property.  It’s outrageous.  Dant applied for a $1.5 million tax incentive for a $2.95 million addition to the Bernheim property in 1997.  What happened to the addition?  It doesn’t appear on the PVA’s public records.

From The Lane Report’s interview with Fischer on August 9, 2012: One-on-One: Greg Fischer

In 1999, he founded Iceberg Ventures, a private investment firm, and later was a co-founder of bCatalyst, the first business accelerator in Louisville. Fischer has been an active investor and board member in numerous companies across multiple industries. He is a former partner and former CEO of Dant Clayton Corp., which designs, manufactures and constructs sports stadiums around the country.



Ed Lane, Publisher and Chief Executive of The Lane Report: Occupational and real estate taxes comprise about 80 percent of Louisville’s revenue. How have static housing values and high unemployment levels over the last three years impacted Louisville government’s revenue trends?

Greg Fischer: The stagnation in real estate prices obviously has been a significant issue. We’ve seen a very small growth in Louisville’s real estate tax base.

Occupational taxes had a nice rebound this past year. Corporate and net profit taxes have been hit by the recent economy. The tax base is growing, but it’s growing slower than the city’s expenses are increasing because of pension and healthcare costs.

Fischer is unhappy with static home values and the property tax revenue that goes along with them.  Yet, he had financial ties to a company that was contributing to the tax revenue “problem.”  Interesting how he failed to mention that part.

The Lane Report interview mentions bCatalyst which was founded by Fischer and Mr. Williams along with Doug Cobb and a few other local businessmen.  Did Mr. Cobb end up with a Decrease by Computer Reassessment like Fischer and Williams?  No, he did not.

In September 2014 Mr. Cobb, who was a Greater Louisville, Inc. president for a very short time, and his wife executed a quitclaim deed which declared the value of their June 2014 purchase of a $639,690 Norton Commons home at $343,190.  That’s a $296,500 difference that means $3100+ in annual savings on property taxes.  Here is a copy of the quitclaim deed that was available on the PVA website a few weeks ago and some other public records:






Let’s get back to Mr. Williams’s Avish Lane property which he owned with his wife, Mary Rogers Brown Williams, prior to her passing. The Williams’ property is adjacent to the home of “Mac” Brown, vice-president of Brown-Forman and Mrs. Williams’ brother.  His property declined in value, too.



And this:

everett44aAnd here’s another Brown-Forman heir:





The property is described on the PVA website as “excellent for age” but the 2015 value is almost $200,000 lower than the 2007 assessment.  That means a $2000 annual property tax discount.


The property next door at 2120 Cherokee Parkway increased from $577,020 in 2007 to $874,060 in 2015.  Last sold in 2002.  That’s a $297,040 increase or 51%.  The owners of this house contributed just $150 to Fischer’s 2010 campaign which doesn’t even pay for postage on one batch of over-sized, four-color postcards.

No property tax discount for you, 2120 Cherokee Parkway.

There sure are a lot of whiskey executives and venture capital investors with ties to Mayor Fischer who have received significant property tax discounts for homes most of us can only dream of.  Meanwhile, a lot of Jefferson County homeowners with properties worth less than $250,000 are going to pay significantly higher property taxes.  There are many, many more high-end properties that have lower or unchanged assessments – like $500,000+ properties in the East End, in Harrods Creek and Hunting Creek.  Staggering assessment increases on a lot of modest homes are the only way to compensate for a lot of lost property tax revenue from expensive residential and commercial properties. 



And we haven’t even discussed the multi-million dollar discounts that have been approved for corporate property owners like the $19.5 million assessment reduction for The Paddock Shops at 4001 Summit Drive. That’s about $200,000 in lost revenue.

Or the $7.4 million assessment reduction for 200 S. 4th Street.  That’s over $70,000 in lost revenue.

446 S. 4th Street which is Fourth Street Live! was purchased for $13million in 1995, assessed at $16.9 million in 2014 and reduced to $8.4 million. That’s $80,000 in lost revenue.

And on and on.  So many giveaways, too many to discuss here.  Those multi-million dollar assessment discounts translate into lost tax revenue that Louisville simply cannot afford.  It makes you wonder if the people in charge are capable of even performing basic math calculations.

Understand this: Those big, campaign contributions for Mayor Fischer are not purchasing lower assessments, it’s not that simple.  Friends write big checks for friends who run for office.

There is a bigger story here and you can figure it out on your own.  You have all of the public information here in one tidy blog post with plenty of screenshots — so have fun. You can do it.  Big donors to Louisville’s political machine are also generous philanthropists which creates a fortress of protection from criticism.    But it’s time for all of you to start criticizing and asking questions about a property assessment process that this city cannot afford.

If  you are crafting a blistering tirade in your head about this  assessment nonsense and plan to raise hell with Attorney General Jack Conway, well, you can just forget it.  Brown-Forman helps pay the bills at his $1.741 million mansion on Blakeley Ridge Road, a 10,000 sq-ft home on two acres near River Road that has not increased in value in 7 years.  Mr. Conway’s wife works in public relations at Brown-Forman and this is a PR shitstorm.  You won’t hear a peep out of the Attorney General’s office.

S O…. F O R G E T   I T.







The Jefferson County PVA’s website says..

everett99a ————————————————————


Click on the screenshot below to begin the appeal process and GOOD LUCK!


The PVA has four years to reassess your property without even visiting it but you have just a few weeks to submit an appeal.

Click to read Mr. Bailey’s Courier-Journal article about alleged PVA mischief.




Updated May 31, 2015:  Rep. Kevin Bratcher – R, Louisville (29th District) has requested an investigation into unfair PVA assessments.  He will appear on Mandy Connell’s show on 840WHAS at 6 p.m. on Tuesday, June 2nd.  Please contact Mrs. Connell at mandy@whas.com and Rep. Bratcher at Kevin.Bratcher@lrc.ky.gov or (502) 564-8100 Ext 680 with details about your Jefferson County PVA assessment.

The story of Jefferson County PVA Tony Lindauer and his triple-tract in the Triangle


So how did Jefferson County PVA Tony Lindauer fare in the latest round of property assessments in one of the highest-taxed districts in Louisville? Did he get socked with a 100% increase on his property like some of his neighbors?  Or was his increase a lot lower?

I think you already know the answer.

Mr. Lindauer doesn’t just live on any old Highlands street – he lives on Everett Avenue in Cherokee Triangle.  A tree-lined street with a mix of grand, old houses and charming cottages. Gabled roofs, turrets, dormers.  Front steps as wide as a Volvo.  A neighborhood that is home to Jack Fry’s and Lilly’s, where a 25-year-old hipster waiter will ask if you have reservations when every table in the dining room is completely empty and then, smugly inform you that truffle oil is used to prepare the french fries.

You get the idea.

This is a very special little neighborhood that used to be dotted with reasonably-priced properties – a bungalow here, a shotgun there on tiny but tidy lots.  Not anymore.  Mr. Lindauer, Mayor Greg Fischer and their assessment goons have seen to it that once-affordable properties are now out of reach of the families who have been hanging on to them for decades.  If you’re retired or disabled and depending on a monthly $1000-ish check from Social Security, this latest round of shocking property assessments will, with absolute certainty, push you out of the Highlands.  I’m sure that’s one big reason for this assessment push.

Absolutely sure.

Some lucky people, however, are avoiding outrageous property value increases of 30, 50 and sometimes more than 100 percent that will mean completely unmanageable property tax bills.  Tony Lindauer, Jefferson County Property Valuation Administrator, happens to be one of them.

In 2001 Mr. Lindauer and his wife purchased three tracts of land in Cherokee Triangle: 1070, 1072 and 1074 Everett Avenue.  That’s THREE TRACTS of prime Highlands real estate which included 0.38 acres and a house for just $180,000.  If you don’t know about property values in Cherokee Triangle, let me tell you a secret: $180,000 was a super bargain even in 2001.

Here are screenshots of the house and the deed…


lindauer15Mr. Linaduer’s super-sized lot is represented in blue.  The red lines represent the property boundaries of surrounding lots.


Today, 14 years later, the land, 0.38 acres, has been assessed at just $75,000 which is very, very, VERY cheap compared to the land value (just land, not dwelling) of his neighbors.

Mr. Lindauer’s 0.38 acres is worth $75,000 which is comparable to $200,000 an acre. (Actually, $197,368 but I’m trying to keep the numbers simple.) 

Here are screenshots of his deed (Deed book/page 0902 0853) in 2007 when those three lots were consolidated into one parcel of land with a fair market value of $50,000.  $50,000?  REALLY?




Let’s look at the assessed value of  Mr. Lindauer’s neighbor at 1076 Everett Avenue:

0.0877 acres is valued at $75,000 which is  $855,188 per acre or over 4 times the assessed value of Lindauer’s land.


Below is the assessment information for another Lindauer neighbor at 1077 Everett Avenue.

0.0733 acres valued at $75,000 which is $1,023,192 per acre or over 5 times the value of Mr. Lindauer’s land.


The acreage of these lots is calculated to the fourth decimal place.  Why is there such an precise measurement of the land if PVA is simply going to proclaim that any lot, any size, anywhere on Everett is worth $75,000?  Who benefits from that kind of fast and loose assessment of land value?  It looks like Mr. Lindauer, the PVA, does.  And who gets punished with disproportionately higher taxes for a flat-fee land assessment?  The little people, that’s who.  And we all remember what Leona Helmsley, the Queen of Mean, said about the little people and taxes.

Finally, we have 1081 Everett Avenue which pretty much sums up everything that’s wrong with the way the PVA is performing these assessments:

0.0654 acres valued at $75,000 which is $1,146,789 per acre or almost 6 times the value of Lindauer’s triple-tract-redefined-as-single-tract:

lindauer6The land value for this property tripled and the dwelling value almost doubled in three years on what was once a very affordable home.  Easily within reach of a family with a modest income.  According to the Jefferson County Sheriff’s website (the sheriff’s office collects the taxes), this house qualified for a homestead exemption prior to its sale in February 2015 for $70,000. I know  Too many details. But that tells you that the people who lived here were either retired or were disabled which is something you should know and think about.  Remember what I said earlier about pushing out the old people?  I’ll bet the real estate speculators that swirl around Mayor Fischer with their big, fat contributions are already salivating over all of the properties that will be on the market this summer and fall before those crushing tax bills are due.

Back to 1081 Everett.  This house is now worth $164,980. For a wood frame shotgun.  On 0.0654 acres.  The land increased by 200% in 3 years.  The dwelling increased by 66% in 3 years.  I know people like the Highlands which boosts home values but give me a break.  This is a shakedown and nothing more.  Shame on the PVA and Mayor Fischer for making this happen.

lindauer7Below is a screenshot of assessments for Mr. Lindauer’s house.

Why did it take 11 years for Lindauer’s land value to increase by 200% even though 1081 Everett’s land value increased 200% in just 3 years?

Why did it take 11 years for Mr. Lindauer’s dwelling to increase by 61% but his neighbor’s increased 66% in 2 years? That doesn’t seem very equitable.

Why has Lindauer’s dwelling increased by only 11% with this latest round of assessments?

And why isn’t Lindauer’s land value assessed at a higher rate since it’s triple the size of a typical Everett lot?

lindauer8Does being the Jefferson County PVA comes with certain financial benefits?  Tax benefits?  Tax fraud-y benefits?

When you unleash a mooching machine on Louisville property owners while allowing the mayor, his rich campaign contributors and family members to receive six-figure discounts on their property assessments, you need to be very careful with how your property is assessed.

Mr. Lindauer has not been very careful.  And let me tell you another little secret: I think he’s a big jerk.  Look at what he said the other day about these assessments:


One last question. Okay, two.  Why was the enormous half-acre lot at the corner of Grinstead and Cherokee recently assessed at just $37,500 when it was worth $78,750 in 2008? Neighbors with 0.1 acre lots have been assessed at $90,000.  Is the land cheap because the owners are generous contributors to Mayor Fischer’s campaigns?

I think I’ll get right on that.


Click on the screenshot below to be redirected to the Jefferson County PVA website to begin your property assessment appeal process. You don’t have much time left to submit your appeal.  GOOD LUCK, READERS!